Teaching kids’ financial literacy is important. Knowing how to manage money is an invaluable skill that will be used for life. But what about teaching young people more about debt? No matter how good you’re at making a budget, saving money and scoring the best deals, if you can’t manage your debt you’ll never build your wealth.
We’ve all have had that experience in college or university. A nice credit card representative approaches you on campus with a clip board offering you a first ever charge card. Many young people sign up without having the skills to manage the debt. This also is true for a line of credit, a loan from a friend and overdraft in your bank account. If you haven’t been taught the skills to manage debt, chances are you’ll soon be hurting your personal finances.
If you want to make debt a bigger part of the financial literacy conversion here’s how to get started.
Start as young as possible
As soon as your kids start talking, start talking to them about money and debt. By making debt an everyday topic in your home kids are more likely to grow up with a healthy attitude about money and the ability to talk about it. If for example they sign up for credit card in university, they will be better prepared to use it responsibly. When kids are young you can teach them about debt by setting limits. Telling your child they have $10 they can spend on a toy and everything after that is debt will create boundaries and they will start to understand how to stay within their limits.
Good debt vs. bad debt.
Good debt is money borrowed to go to school, buy a house or to make a business investment. Basically money that will help fund an activity that will further you academically or financially. Bad debt is money spent on consumables, dinners out, drinks with friends, clothing you will wear once. Bad debt is often charged to a credit card, good debt is often locked into a longer term loan agreement with a much lower rate. Teach young people to stay away from bad debt. Pay cash for nights out and dinner with friends. If you’re charging a retail purchase make sure you have the cash in the bank to make your payment in full once the statement arrives.
Show them your statements
This is something you can do when they’re a little older. It’s an excellent way to get young people to understanding how credit card charges work. There is so much information available on your credit card statement, for example how long it would take to pay off you loan if you only made minimal payments and what you interest rate is. There will come a day when they get a statement like this in the mail in their name, don’t make that the first time they see a credit card statement.
Image Credit: Christian Schnettelker